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|Description:||A reinforced concrete abutment backwall specimen with dimensions of 15 ft in width, 8.5 ft in height and 3ft in thickness was pushed under quasi static lateral loading into a 5.5 ft high, densely compacted SE 30 backfill material according to Caltrans bridge design specifications. Wingwalls were simulated using sheets of plywood material furnished with several layers of PVC foil to minimize wall soil interface friction. A set of 5 actuators was installed between the backwall and a high capacity reaction block in horizontal and diagonal arrangements to displace the wall laterally and prevent any uplift movement. The test was controlled using the MTS Flextest GT software. The backfill material was compacted via vibratory equipment to an average compaction of 97%. The backfill was also furnished with low strength gypsum columns to investigate the location of the soil failure surface. The test was performed under displacement control with increasing displacement of up to 10 inches. Small loading-reloading cycles were applied at each displacement level, but not allowing soil gapping. The maximum horizontally applied force was reached at a displacement level of 1.96 inches and measures 486.25 kips.|
|Dates:||July 22, 2006 - July 31, 2006|
|Facility:||University of California, Los Angeles, CA, United States|
|Specimen Type:||5.5ft Backwall T5.5 (view)|
|Material:||Backfill Soil and Backwall (view)|
Test 5.5 sensor layout
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